u̯er-6 (*su̯er-)

    u̯er-6 (*su̯er-)
    English meaning: to talk, speak
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “feierlich sagen, sprechen”
    Note: also u̯ere-, u̯rē-
    Material: Av. urvüta- n. “ determination, command “ (= ῥητόν), next to which from the light basis *u̯ere-: Av. urvata- n. “ determination “ = O.Ind. vratá- n. “ command, statute, profession, declaration “, and O.C.S. rota “oath”; ablaut. O.Pruss. wertemmai “wir schwören”; Gk. εἴρω ‘say” (*Fερι̯ω), Fut. ep. Ion. ἐρέω, Att. ἐρῶ, pass. Aor. Ion. εἰρέθην (*ἐFρέθην), Att.ἐρρήθην (*εFρήθην), perf. εἴρη-κα, -μαι diss. from *FεFρη-, compare geneuertes = renamed, has changed?? arg. FεFρημένα; ῥητός “verabredet = festgesetzt”, ῥήτωρ, Eol. Fρήτωρ “Redner”, ῥήτρα, el. Fρά̄τρᾱ f. ‘spruch, pact, covenant”, diss. to Cypr. Fρήτα, whereof εὐFρητάσατυ “pact, covenant, law “, ῥῆμα “word”, ῥῆσις “ discourse “, εἴρων “ someone, the sich verstellt” (*Fερι̯ων), εἰρωνεία “Verstellung”; Russ. vru (*vьrǫ ), vratь “lie, maunder, drivel “, with k-suffix (*u̯orkü): Russ. vráka “empty gossip”, O.C.S. vračь (*u̯orki̯os) “physician, medicine man (*Besprecher), magician, Hexenmeister”; maybe Alb.Gheg vra, Tosc vras “kill, wound”, Alb.Gheg verbu, Tosc verboj “to blind, make wander aimlessly”; maybe Alb.Gheg verbu, Tosc verboj “to blind” is related to the revenge killing and anger of a murder - also Alb. verbohem “to become blind from anger”. Hitt. u̯erii̯a- “call, shout, cry, beauftragen”, particle -u̯ar- actually ‘sagte”; perhaps (in spite of Vasmer 2, 508 f. and above S. 860) here Bal.-Slav. u̯rēk-, u̯rek- in Lith. rėkiù, re ̃kti, Ltv. rēkt “cry”, rę̃kuôt ‘sich unterhalten”, O.C.S. rekǫ, rešti ‘say”, ablaut. O.C.S. rokъ “Frist, Termin”, rěčь “ accusation “ and *u̯rōk- in Gmc. Goth. wrōhs “ accusation “, wrōhjan “beschuldigen” = West-Gmc. *wrōgjan , O.H.G. ruogen, Ger. rũgen; dh-extension u̯er-dho- etc.: Gk. βέρθει φθέγγεῖαι Hes. (Specht KZ 59, 65); Lat. verbum “word” (not from *vorbom because of:) Umbr. uerfale “ an open place for observation, place marked off by the augur’s staff “; Goth. waurd, O.H.G. wort etc. “word” = O.Pruss. wirds “word”; Lith. var̃das “name”. maybe Alb. urtë ‘sage, smart, intelligent”, uroj “pray, wish”.
    References: WP. I 283 f., WH. II 756 f., Trautmann 238, 360, Vasmer 1, 234 f., 2, 539, Frisk 469 ff.;
    See also: here probably u̯rek-.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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